The saber-toothed or Smilodon fell into big cats’ genome whose main characteristic was their huge canines. The average size of these was about 17 cm, and this made them one of the most fearful predators that existed.
But, you won’t find them anywhere at present since they went extinct about 10,000 years ago. They represent prehistoric wonders, which certainly became popular through the archeological rediscovery of fossils and other remains.
The Smilodon populator became the size of our current flare tiger. However, it was much more muscular and robust, and it could weigh more than 400 kg. So, let us dive into understanding the full extent of knowledge that humans were able to discover.
Who And When Was The Saber-Toothed Discovered?
The poplar saber-toothed Smilodon was discovered in 1841 in caves near Lagoa Santa, a village in Brazil. Danish naturist and paleontologist Peter Wilhelm Lund, who visited Brazil several times, was responsible for it. Since then, the animal has penetrated, which gives curiosity since they stopped existing so long ago.
Joseph Leidy discovered Smilodon fatalis in 1869. This saber-toothed was slightly smaller than the Smilodon Populator, weighing around 200 kg and just over a meter in height.
The saber-toothed Smilodon gracilis was discovered in 1880 by Edward Drinker Cope. It is the oldest of all Smilodon species and also the smallest because it weighed a maximum of 100 kg.
This showcased that they covered enough geographic area, so much so that their presence differed accordingly.
Characteristics Of Smilodon – Saber-Toothed
The Smilodon is the most popular prehistoric mammal, depicts in most documentaries and cartoons, such as the movie Ice Age. Their huge protruding canines from the sides of their mouths could be up to 7 inches long. So, you can probably imagine how exactly deadly its bite was.
What studies have shown is that it did not have a stronger jaw than the lion of today. Moreover, it could not bite and hold its prey when it moved. The Smilodon bite was for containing and immobilizing the prey on the ground.
It’s in these situations that their other canines accomplish the task, which was to shred the prey. So, imagine this- They were essentially a terror for all habitats, but also super necessary to them. The food chain truly started to evolve and take shape because of beasts like Smilodon.
Another characteristic of the saber tooth was its large musculature. In particular, Smilodon Populator was the largest, and it could weigh up to 400 kg. Its body was an endless web of muscles and fibers, probably a precursor to what big cats are at present.
Where And When The Saber Tooth Lived?
It lived in North and South America, from the Pliocene to the Pleistocene Ages, respectively. One of the reasons why it disappeared after this period is because of climate change.
So, it’s truly a thing of archeology and history that shall interest in prehistoric creatures. And, you can certainly find that their contribution is more than their fangs!